The Activist Hana'a Edward in INLA
Monday , 17th November 2014 , The well-known activist Hana'a
Edward , one of the members of the board of trustees at "Al-amal
Society" and the representative of civil community
organizations , was hosted by INLA in a session dedicated to
human and women rights and the role of civil society
organizations in boosting these rights , in light of the
challenges taking place in the country .
session was organized by the Human Rights Committee in the
Ministry of Culture , which was headed by Dr. Sa'ad Basheer
Eskander , director general of INLA , and under the
supervision of Fawzy Al-Atroshy , The deputy minister of
Culture at the beginning the session , Mrs Edward shed the
light on her distinguished life , then Mr. Al-Atroshy talked
about Mrs. Edward parsing her efforts , since she was a
member of the Communist Party highlighting her activities in
supporting women rights ascertaining the importance of the
existence of the civil society organizations .
Women is a Citizen with Full Eligibility :
activist Mrs. Edward discussed the role of women and other
civil society organizations as a representative of these
organizations mentioning that her slogan is (building the
man better than building stones) ascertaining the
impossibility of ensuring the human rights and building a
civil state with great economic and social changes without
building the man highlighting the circumstances under the
Iraqi people lived in previous regimen that crushing their
dignity and rights , for this reason these civil
organizations uphold their principles support the human
rights in Iraq , and spread the culture of respect these
Edward added that the women is a productive energy , a
citizen of full eligibility and active in every fields of
life , according to that the policy of state must deal
directly with the women and do not deal with her as a
subordinate for the man , pointing out to the women who held
leadership positions struggled and jailed in the first woman
minister in Iraq was a good example to mention in this
Edward highlighted that the civil society organizations
including Al-Amal society . Demanded for "Quota" as a first
step to reduce the gap between the two sexes in
administrating the state affairs and decision making . The
constitution has also ascertained that the country must be
administrated by the both sexes expressing that the views of
women regarding the policy are to achieve the security and
the peace of the whole country .
Edward added that the civil society organizations organized
interviews with political leadership to prove the woman
existence in negotiations .
roadmap for reform :
Edward reported that the civil organizations designed a
roadmap for political reform including building up the trust
among the political powers achieving the transitive justice
, working on the principal of citizen security first of all
, ensuring rights and freedoms , such as freedom of
expression , press , and demonstration and protest .
Mrs. Edward focusing on the necessity of the rule of law ,
and adopted the case of displaced families and their rights
as well as the minorities who were exposed to the danger of
the extreme "ISIS" Al last Mrs. Edward emphasized on the
role of the young especially the new generation in the state
administration and decision-making .
Protecting the Women and the Children :
Edward pointed out to the letter which was submitted by evil
society organizations to the Council of human rights titled
with "the call of Iraqi women to the United Nations focusing
on demanding to form International commission of inquiry to
concern about the situations of women and children in the
presence of ISIS , and provide the health care to them
declaring that this committee will come to Iraq to discuss
this topic shedding the light on this call .
Edward added that the civil society organizations is seeking
to pass a law according to the constitution that guarantees
the protection of minorities and cultural and social
diversity in Iraq .
the Discrimination :
Edward reported that one of the activities of these civil
organizations was working for two years to enforce the
agreement of fighting all kinds of discrimination , as well
as issuing books dealt with important issues , and holding
women peacemakers conference which was attended by men also
, because the change can not be achieved without sharing the
labor between the both sexes .
Edward explained that the mission of these civil
organizations is the change not charity work only , which is
a part of their work , in this basis , these organizations
are working on the issue of the charter of the partnership
between the government and parliament in the field of
politics , because the change will not happen without the
joint work .
Culture and human rights :
session included a word of Dr. Sa'ad Basheer Eskander , the
director general of INLA and the chairman of the human
rights commission in the Ministry of Culture , highlighted
the role of the library in providing archival services and
books , and holding symposiums about human rights and
minorities and their culture especially that the first
obelisk of rights and laws found in Iraq , in addition to
that the concept of human rights is a democratic concept ,
in essence .
added that all the religions emphasize human rights while
for example , the child rights in Iraq are violated , and he
affirmed that the INLA takes into consideration the rights
of women based on the fact that most the heads of the
departments and sections are women explaining that the
democratic process must start from the bottom to the top ,
not vice versa .
Questions and Answers about women issues :
symposium included questions from reporters and journalists
to Mrs. Edward about the "Ja'afari personal status law"
which included the underage marriage which abolished the
positives of the previous laws (The Iraqi Personal Status
Law 1959) .
Edward reported that The civil society organization against
this law (The Ja'afari Personal Status Law) which violates
the constitution and humiliates the women .
Religious scholars also rejected this law especially it is
transgressed "The Ja'afari doctrine " itself , Therefore The
civil organizations demanded for deleting this law and the
article No. 41 from the constitution .
Wared , the minister of State for Women affairs , declared
before the Sedaw Committee :
Ja'afari personal status law suspended .
there is a question about visiting the jails to check the
conditions of prisoners from women .
Edward responded , saying that it is very difficult to get a
permission to visit the jails , but inspite of that one of
these organization enabled to enter one of the jails and
submit a report pointing out to the torture and violation
that the women in jails are exposed to .
Edward explained that the purpose of visiting jails is to
reform and rehabilitate rather than criticism and defamation
question raised about "family protection centers of
community police" and their effectiveness In this regard ,
Mrs. Edward replied saying : that there are tow family
protection centers in Kirkuk and Basrah in very bad
condition , furthermore that there are no women working at
these centers to encourage the women to reach to these
centers and claim their rights .
there was a question about the marriage outside the court
"illegal marriage" and the role of the civil society
organizations in raising awareness through the media .
Edward replied saying , that the marriage outside the court
is a calamity , and the underage marriage is a greater
calamity ascertaining that the "Personal Status Law" No 188
and its amendments , punishes everyone marries out of the
court because the marriage contract is the documentation of
the marriage to ensure the rights of the family ascertaining
that the most important thing is to provide a source of
livelihood for them , and then they can make the decision of
marriage focusing on the need for media awareness .
Edward concluded her statement saying :
society is working for achieving a real partnership and
happy family life .